National Institute for Urban School Improvement
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part of the Education Reform Networks

Classroom Instruction

The Classroom Instruction network points to research-based classroom instructional practices. These dimensions of instructional practice are based on the publication, Classroom Instruction That Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement, by Robert J. Marzano, Debra J. Pickering, and Jane E. Pollack. (2001).

  1. Cooperative Learning
  2. Cues, Questions, and Advance Organizers
  3. Generating and Testing Hypotheses
  4. Homework and Practice
  5. Identifying Similarities and Differences
  6. Nonlinguistic Representations
  7. Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition
  8. Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback
  9. Summarizing and Note Taking