part of the Education Reform Networks
Click on any of the items in our framework to enter our library.
The National Center for Culturally Responsive Educational Systems
(NCCRESt) provides technical assistance and professional development to
close the achievement gap between students from culturally and
linguistically diverse backgrounds and their peers, and reduce
inappropriate referrals to special education. This library is
organized by the NCCRESt conceptual framework for addressing the
disproportionate representation of culturally and linguistically diverse
students in special education. The cornerstone of our approach to
addressing disproportionate representation is through the creation of
culturally responsive educational systems. This work cuts across three
interrelated domains: policies, practices, and people. Policies include
those guidelines enacted at federal, state, district, and school levels
that influence funding, resource allocation, accountability, and other
key aspects of schooling. We use the notion of practice in two ways, in
the instrumental sense of daily practices that all cultural beings
engage in to navigate and survive their worlds, and also in a technical
sense to describe the procedures and strategies devised for the purpose
of maximizing students' learning outcomes. People include all those in
the broad educational system: administrators, teacher educators,
teachers, community members, families, and the children whose
opportunities we wish to improve.
Citation: Klingner, J. K., Artiles, A. J., Kozleski, E., Harry, B.,
Zion, S., Tate, W., Durán, G. Z., & Riley, D. (2005, September 8).
Addressing the disproportionate representation of culturally and
linguistically diverse students in special education through culturally
responsive educational systems. Education Policy Analysis Archives,
13(38). Retrieved from http://epaa.asu.edu/epaa/v13n38/.
As your needs become more specific you may want to start browsing the card catalog to find more narrowly focused sets of resources. We recommend that you take our tour before you begin.