National Institute for Urban School Improvement
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Program Implementation

  • A Multicultural Education Experience: The Importance of Process
    Discusses issues and problems in the development and implementation of multicultural education programs, focusing on how a group of educators sought to help early childhood teachers deal with the increasing number of intergroup conflicts among their pupils. These educators developed a multicultural education resource book.
  • Advancing Foreign Language Education at Community Colleges. AACC Special Reports
    This report by the American Association of Community Colleges summarizes the results of a nationwide year-long study on foreign language education. Programs, called Improving Foreign Language Education projects at Community Colleges, were implemented at a total of 36 American colleges to enact proposed changes in curriculum and foreign language instruction.
  • Bilingual Education for All: A Benefits Model for Small Towns
    Suggests a curriculum for rural and small-town schools that combines bilingual education in local languages (indigenous, heritage, or immigrant languages) with global, multicultural education. Discusses benefits to students and community, and ways that the model overcomes typical rural constraints of inflexible school organization; administrative and public resistance; and lack of bilingual teachers, materials, and funding.
  • Bunker Hill Community College: A Common Experience for Lifelong Learning
    Describes the design, implementation, and assessment of the general education program at Bunker Hill Community College, in Boston, Massachusetts. Indicates that the program is designed to serve as an academic commons where students from diverse cultural and linguistic backgrounds can come together and share common intellectual experiences.
  • Creating a Campus Climate in Which Diversity Is Truly Valued
    Highlights the development and implementation of a multifaceted program at Middlesex Community College in Massachusetts. The program, which includes curriculum changes, new student organizations, international student fellowships, and orientation activities, was designed to create a more inclusive campus environment.
  • Critical Issue Bibliography (CRIB) Sheet: Lessons from the Field.
    The Critical Issue Bibliography (CRIB) Sheet describes resources that highlight institutional practices that have been instrumental in the creation of multicultural campus environments. These lessons from the field of multicultural education can help other institutions in developing and implementing policy.
  • Cultures in Conflict
    The implementation of a multicultural program for African-American and Hispanic students in an urban high school is presented. Increased intergroup tensions relating them to the students' concepts of culture and race are discussed.
  • From Policy to Action: Parkland College's Implementation of North Central's Statement on Access, Equity, and Diversity
    Describes the measures taken by Parkland College to implement North Central's Statement on Access, Equity, and Diversity. Results include the creation of the Center for Multicultural Education, community-based diversity education, and organization of a statewide conference about gender-balanced, multicultural education.
  • Helping Counselor Trainees Get Along: An Issue for Professional Development
    This paper presents a programmatic strategy to address unresolved student-student disagreements. The paper examines cultural norms--within training programs in academic settings--that contribute to interpersonal problems among students.
  • Institutional Barriers to the Implementation of Antiracist Education: A Case Study of the Secondary System in a Large, Urban School Board
    This case study of the Toronto Board of Education's secondary system thoroughly analyzes barriers to implementing antiracist education in a large, ethnically diverse education district. Findings highlight implementation difficulties, including poor leadership, lack of minorities in key positions, informal resistance, and decentralized decision making.
  • Miami-Dade Community College: Applications at the Wolfson Campus
    Reviews the Miami-Dade Community College (MDCC) general education program, focusing on the program's specific applications at MDCC's Wolfson Campus. Indicates that general education at the Campus involves education in environmental issues, social studies, humanities, multicultural awareness, the cultivation of individual responsibility, and thinking skills.
  • Multicultural Education Program Evaluation, 1995-96. Assessment/Accountability Report
    In 1993-94, the Board of Education of the City of New York distributed more than $1 million to augment existing multicultural initiatives in professional or curriculum development. Districts and superintendencies in the city also designed a 3-year program to facilitate the planning and scope of these initiatives.
  • Multicultural Education: A Developmental Process. Spotlight: Montessori--Multilingual, Multicultural
    Maintains that multicultural education is a key element in the ongoing struggle to solve current educational problems. Presents Banks's (1988) phases in the evolution of multicultural education.
  • No Pot of Gold at the End of the Rainbow
    By 1993, New York City's multicultural and innovative Children of the Rainbow curriculum had been discontinued and the education chancellor fired. This article examines the curriculum's development and implementation and the controversies surrounding it.
  • Racial Attitudes on Campus: Can We Make a Difference?
    Describes the Institutes for the Healing of Racism of the University of Louisville (Kentucky), a program designed to address racial intolerance and provide a forum for discussion of racial issues on a personal level. The institute brings racially different groups together to share beliefs and receive information about other groups.
  • Restructuring Urban Schools: A Chicago Perspective
    The Chicago (Illinois) School Reform Act of 1988 set in motion a chain of reform efforts that have been the subject of considerable study. The plan emphasizes returning control of the schools to parents and the community through school-based management and local school councils.
  • Sources and Information Regarding Effective Retention Strategies for Students of Color
    Reporting literature from the ERIC system, highlights issues and concerns regarding minority student retention and learning success within community colleges. Discusses factors contributing to declining retention rates and effective programming strategies designed to address continued participation of students of color.
  • Supporting Inclusion: Beyond the rhetoric
    Content Abstract: Creating a unitary system to support educating students with disabilities in their neighborhood general education programs requires that general and specialized services complement and support each other and that all personnel employ instructional strategies that meet diverse students’ needs. Restructuring efforts require careful planning, implementation strategies, reallocated funding, teacher training, and flexible instructional adaptations.
  • Supporting Multiple Reform Designs in a Culturally and Linguistically Diverse School District
    Uses data from a study of 13 multicultural, multilingual schools, each implementing one of 6 externally developed reform designs, to examine the implementation process from an interactive perspective. Concludes that, although schools and design team actions were influential, state and school district forces were more important in determining success or failure.
  • The National Conversation on Youth Development in the 21st Century. Final Report.
    To commemorate 2002 as the centennial year of America's 4-H Movement, the National 4-H Council held a national conversation to identify ways of improving youth development programs. The conversation process included the following activities: 1,577 local conversations that yielded more than 10,000 specific action items; a review of those items at 63 state conversations; and a national conversation at which 1,200 youths and adults representing 600 organizations developed specific national strategies and action steps based on the findings of the local and state conversations.